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Maths

At St John’s we recognise that maths is essential to daily life and aim to provide a high quality maths education that provides the foundation to understanding the world, the beauty of maths and power of maths. We believe all children should be empowered to develop enjoyment and a sense of curiosity for the subject. In line with the National Curriculum we aim to develop fluency in the fundamentals of maths, through varied and frequent practice, to solve problems and to be able to reason mathematically. Daily maths lessons include mental arithmetic strategies, formal written methods, problem solving and investigations where children work both independently and collaboratively.  From EYFS to Year 6, whenever possible, activities are also linked to real life situations, and integrated across the curriculum, to develop lifelong skills.

 

Our priority is the fluency of basic number facts such as number bonds and times tables, which are introduced from the early years. Children are encouraged to become confident and acquire a quick recall using a variety of strategies, with sufficient depth of knowledge to solve a variety of problems

 

 

Aims

The National Curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils have conceptual
  • understanding and are able to recall and apply their knowledge rapidly and accurately to problems
  • reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.
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Below is the link to the statutory guidance - National Curriculum in England: maths programmes of study.

Key Stage 1

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in Key Stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the four operations, including with practical resources (e.g. concrete objects and measuring tools).

 

By the end of Year 2, pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and

understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency.

 

 

Year 1 Mathematics Guidance

The key focus of mathematics in Year 1 is to ensure your child develops confidence with whole numbers. They will learn to count forwards and backwards to at least 100, order numbers and begin to learn key number facts by heart, for example 7 + 3 =10 or 8 + 2 =10.


They will use practical resources and measuring equipment to both engage, support their developing understanding and problem solve.

 

Link to Year 1 programme of study

Year 2 Mathematics Guidance

The key focus of mathematics in Year 2 is to ensure your child develops confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. They will use practical resources, pictures and diagrams to develop their understanding of the four operations of + – x ÷ and to problem solve. They will learn to identify and find fractions of amounts, work with money and measures, including telling the time and learning number facts to 20 by heart, for example 15 + 3 = 18,
3 + 15 = 18, 18 – 3 = 15, 18 – 15 = 3. By the end of Year 2 they should have memorised and be fluent in their 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables.

 

Your child will be formally assessed in May to monitor their development during KS1. They will be assessed as working towards the expected standard, working at the expected standard or working at greater depth within the expected standard set nationally.

 

Link to Year 2 programme of study

Lower Key Stage 2

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower Key Stage 2 is to ensure that pupils become

increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations, including number facts and the

concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.

 

By the end of Year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work.

 

 

Year 3 Mathematics Guidance

The key focus of mathematics in Year 3 is to ensure your child is confident and increasingly fluent working with whole numbers and the four operations + – x ÷, including their knowledge of place value and number facts, for example 15 + 3 = 18, 3 + 15 = 18, 18 – 3 = 15, 18 – 15 = 3. They will calculate mentally and begin to develop efficient written methods, working with three-digit numbers and to calculate with fractions. They will continue to develop their reasoning skills, explaining how they approached problems, analysing similarities and differences when working with shapes. By the end of Year 3 they should have memorised and be fluent in their 2, 3,4,5,8 and 10 multiplication tables.

 

Link to Year 3 programme of study (statutory requirements)

Year 4 Mathematics Guidance

The key focus of mathematics in Year 4 is to ensure your child is confident and increasingly fluent working with place value, developing their understanding of our number system using decimals, and with the four operations + – x ÷. They will calculate mentally and continue to develop efficient written methods, working accurately with up to four-digit whole numbers. They will add, subtract and find fractions of amounts. They will continue to develop their reasoning skills, explaining how they approached problems, analysing similarities and differences when working with shapes.


By the end of Year 4, your child should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table, demonstrating precision and fluency in their work.

 

Link to Year 4 programme of study (statutory requirements)

Upper Key Stage 2

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including

increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation

 

Year 5 Mathematics Guidance

The key focus of mathematics in Year 5 is to ensure your child is confident and increasingly fluent working with integers up to 1 000 000 and to three decimal places. Their knowledge of written methods for addition and subtraction should now be secure and swiftly extended to include larger numbers and calculating with decimals. Written methods for short multiplication and division, calculating with fractions and percentages will be further developed. They will advance their ability to solve a wide range of increasingly complex problems using their knowledge of number and calculation. Work in geometry and measures will consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number.

 

Link to Year 5 programme of study (statutory requirements)

Year 6 Mathematics Guidance

The key focus of mathematics in Year 6 is to ensure your child is confident and increasingly fluent working with integers up to 10 000 000. They will develop and connect their understanding of multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio. They will further develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including the use of algebra. Teaching will ensure your child can classify increasingly complex geometric shapes and learn the vocabulary used to describe them. By the end of Year 6 they should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and working with fractions, decimals and percentages.

 

Your child will be formally assessed in May using National standardised tests, to monitor their attainment and progress during KS2; where the desired outcome is to be working at the expected standard for Year 6 children.

 

Link to Year 6 programme of study (statutory requirements)

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